Components of a Wall Frame

Lightweight timber construction typically comprises framed and braced structures to which cladding is applied. Used in both detached and multi-residential buildings, lightweight timber construction offers flexibility and a wide range of cost effective design options.

Timber wall frames are typically either 90 or 70mm deep with 35 or 45mm thick studs (depending on load and spacing) spaced at 450 or 600mm centres. Noggings (spacers) are inserted between studs to provide lateral support. Top and bottom plates are typically 90x45mm and can be doubled (in thickness) depending on the load or the spacing of the supporting floor members. Insulation is typically placed between the structural elements (e.g. studs, plates and noggings).

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